Amazon S3を使いたい。

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Amazon S3 FAQ

Q: What is Amazon S3?

Amazon S3 is storage for the Internet. It's a simple storage service that offers software developers a highly-scalable, reliable, and low-latency data storage infrastructure at very low costs.

Q: What can I do with Amazon S3?

Amazon S3 provides a simple web services interface that you can use to store and retrieve any amount of data, at any time, from anywhere on the web. Using this web service, developers can easily build applications that make use of Internet storage. Since Amazon S3 is highly scalable and you only pay for what you use, developers can start small and grow their application as they wish, with no compromise on performance or reliability. It is designed to be highly flexible: Store any type and amount of data that you want; read the same piece of data a million times or only for emergency disaster recovery; build a simple FTP application, or a sophisticated web application such as the Amazon.com retail web site. Amazon S3 frees developers to focus on innovation, not figuring out how to store their data.

Q: How can I get started using Amazon S3?

To sign up for Amazon S3, click the "Sign up for This Web Service" button on the Amazon S3 detail page. You must have an Amazon Web Services account to access this service; if you do not already have one, you will be prompted to create one when you begin the Amazon S3 sign-up process. After signing up, please refer to the Amazon S3 documentation and sample code in the Resource Center to begin using Amazon S3.

Q: What are the technical benefits of Amazon S3?

Amazon S3 was carefully engineered to meet the requirements for scalability, reliability, speed, low-cost, and simplicity that must be met for Amazon's internal developers. Amazon S3 passes these same benefits onto any external developer. More information about the Amazon S3 design requirements is available on the Amazon S3 detail page.

Q: What can developers do now that they could not before?

Until now, a sophisticated and scalable data storage infrastructure like Amazon's has been beyond the reach of small developers. Amazon S3 enables any developer to leverage Amazon's own benefits of massive scale with no up-front investment or performance compromises. Developers are now free to innovate knowing that no matter how successful their businesses become, it will be inexpensive and simple to ensure their data is quickly accessible, always available, and secure.

Q: What kind of data can I store?

You can store virtually any kind of data in any format. Please refer to the Amazon Web Services Licensing Agreement for details.

Q: How much data can I store?

Individual Amazon S3 objects can range in size from 1 byte to 5 gigabytes. The number of objects you can store is unlimited.

Q: Where is my data stored?

Amazon S3 offers storage in the United States and in Europe (within the EU). You can specify where you want to store your data when you create your Amazon S3 buckets.

Q: What does Amazon do with my data in Amazon S3?

Amazon will store your data and track its associated usage for billing purposes. Amazon will not otherwise access your data for any purpose outside of the Amazon S3 offering, except when required to do so by law. Please refer to the Amazon Web Services Licensing Agreement for details.

Q: Does Amazon store its own data in Amazon S3?

Yes. Developers within Amazon use Amazon S3 for a wide variety of projects. Many of these projects use Amazon S3 as their authoritative data store, and rely on it for business-critical operations.

Q: How much does Amazon S3 cost?

Amazon S3 lets developers pay only for what they consume and there is no minimum fee. Developers pay $0.150 per GB for the first 50TB, $0.140 per GB for the next 50TB, $0.130 per GB for the next 400TB, and $0.120 per GB for all remaining storage per month in our U.S. datacenters. Storage costs are higher where our costs are higher and so the costs in Europe are $0.180 per GB for the first 50TB, $0.170 per GB for the next 50TB, $0.160 per GB for the next 400TB, and $0.150 per GB for all remaining storage per month in our European datacenters. Data transfer is priced the same in the U.S. and in Europe. Data transferred into Amazon S3 costs $0.10 per GB. Developers pay $0.170 per GB data transfer out for the first 10 TB, $0.130 per GB for the next 40 TB, $0.110 per GB for the next 50 TB, and $0.100 for all remaining data transferred out of Amazon S3 in a month. For data transferred via COPY requests between the U.S. and Europe, the source bucket owner is charged at the regular rates for data transferred out of the source bucket location; the destination bucket owner is charged at regular rates for data transferred into the source bucket location. Usage is totaled and charged separately in the U.S. and Europe. There is also a small per-request charge that depends on the operation and the location of the servers you are accessing. PUT, COPY (the source bucket owner pays the per request COPY charge), POST and LIST operations cost $0.01 per 1,000 requests, while all other operations cost $0.01 per 10,000 requests for buckets located in the U.S. PUT, COPY, POST and LIST operations cost $0.012 per 1,000 requests, while all other operations cost $0.012 per 10,000 requests for buckets located in Europe. We do not charge you for DELETE requests or for requests that fail due to an internal error. Your usage is measured to the nearest byte, and charges are rounded up to the nearest cent.

Amazon S3's pay-as-you-go pricing gives developers access to Amazon's storage benefits immediately and with no up-front financial investment.

Q: How will I be charged and billed for my use of Amazon S3?

There are no set-up fees or commitments to begin using the service. At the end of the month, your credit card will automatically be charged for that month's usage. You can view your charges for the current billing period at any time on the Amazon Web Services web site, by logging into your Amazon Web Services account, and clicking "Account Activity" under "Your Web Services Account".

Amazon S3 charges you for the following types of usage:

Storage Used: In the U.S. $0.150 per GB for storage for the first 50 TB, $0.140 per GB for the next 50 TB, $0.130 per GB for the next 400 TB, and $0.120 per GB for all remaining storage in Amazon S3 in a month. In Europe, $0.180 per GB for storage for the first 50 TB, $0.170 per GB for the next 50 TB, $0.160 per GB for the next 400 TB, and $0.150 per GB for all remaining storage in Amazon S3 in a month.

The GB of storage billed in a month is the average storage used throughout the month. This includes all object data and metadata stored in buckets that you created under your account. We measure your usage in "TimedStorage-ByteHrs," which are added up at the end of the month to generate your monthly charges.

Storage Used Example:
You keep 2,684,354,560 bytes (or 2.5 GB) of data in your bucket for 15 days in March, and 1,342,177,280 bytes (or 1.25 GB) for 16 days.

At the end of March:
Total Byte-Hour usage = [2,684,354,560 bytes x 15 days x (24 hours / day)] + [1,342,177,280 bytes x 16 days x (24 hours / day)] = 1,481,763,717,120 Byte-Hours.

Conversion to Total GB-Months
1,481,763,717,120 Byte-Hours x (1 GB / 1,073,741,824 bytes) x (1 month / 744 hours) = 1.85 GB-Months

  • Total charge if stored in the U.S. = 1.85 GB-Months x ($0.15 / GB-Month) = $0.28.
  • Total charge if stored in Europe = 1.85 GB-Months x ($0.18 / GB-Month) = $0.33.

Network Data Transferred:

(i) $0.10 per GB data transfer in The amount of data sent to Amazon S3. This charge applies whenever data is written to any of your buckets. This charge is the same for buckets in the U.S. and in Europe, although volume discounts apply separately to the U.S. and Europe.

Transfer In Example:
You upload one 500 MB file to Amazon S3 each day during the month of March.

  • Total Data Transfer In for the month = 500 MB x (1 GB / 1024 MB) x 31 days = 15.14 GB
  • Total Charge = 15.14 GB x ($0.10 / GB) = $1.52

(ii) $0.170 per GB data transfer out for the first 10 TB, $0.130 per GB for the next 40 TB, $0.110 per GB for the next 50 TB, and $0.100 for all remaining data transfer out of Amazon S3 in a month The amount of data retrieved from Amazon S3. This charge applies whenever data is read from any of your buckets. This charge is the same for buckets in the U.S. and in Europe, although volume discounts apply separately to the U.S. and Europe.

Transfer Out Example: You transfer one 500 MB file out of Amazon S3 each day during the month of March.

  • Total Data Transfer Out for the month = 500 MB x (1 GB / 1,024 MB) x 31 days = 15.14 GB
  • Total charge = 10GB x ($0.170 / GB) + 5.14GB x ($0.130 / GB)= $2.37

Requests: For U.S. buckets, $0.01 per 1,000 PUT and LIST operations, and $0.01 per 10,000 GET operations and all other requests (except DELETE operations, which are free of charge). For European buckets, $0.012 per 1,000 PUT and LIST operations, and $0.012 per 10,000 GET operations and all other requests (except DELETE operations, which are free of charge).

Request Example:
You transfer 1,000 files into Amazon S3 and transfer 2,000 files out of Amazon S3 each day during the month of March, and delete 5,000 files on March 31st.

  • Total PUT requests = 1,000 requests x 31 days = 31,000 requests
  • Total GET requests = 2,000 requests x 31 days = 62,000 requests
  • Total DELETE requests = 5,000×1 day = 5,000 requests
  • Total charge for requests to U.S. buckets = 31,000 x ($0.01 / 1,000) + 62,000 x ($0.01 / 10,000) + 5,000 x $0 = $0.310 + $0.062 = $0.38
  • Total charge for requests to European buckets = 31,000 x ($0.012 / 1,000) + 62,000 x ($0.012 / 10,000) + 5,000 x $0 = $0.372 + $0.074 = $0.45

Q: How is Amazon S3 data organized?

Amazon S3 is a simple key-based object store. When you store data, you assign a unique object key that can later be used to retrieve the data. Keys can be any string, and can be constructed to mimic hierarchical attributes.

Q: How do I interface with Amazon S3?

Amazon S3 provides simple, standards-based REST and SOAP web services interfaces that are designed to work with any Internet-development toolkit. The operations are intentionally made simple to make it easy to add new distribution protocols and functional layers.

Q: How secure is my data?

Amazon S3 uses proven cryptographic methods to authenticate users. It is your choice to keep your data private, or to make it publicly accessible by third parties. If you would like extra security, there is no restriction on encrypting your data before storing it in Amazon S3.

Q: How reliable is Amazon S3?

Amazon S3 gives any developer access to the same highly scalable, reliable, fast, inexpensive data storage infrastructure that Amazon uses to run its own global network of web sites. The service was designed for 99.99% availability, and carries a service level agreement providing service credits if a customer's availability falls below 99.9%.

Q: What happens if traffic from my application suddenly spikes?

Amazon S3 was designed from the ground up to handle traffic for any Internet application. Pay-as-you-go pricing and unlimited capacity ensures that your incremental costs don't change and that your service is not interrupted. Amazon S3's massive scale enables us to spread load evenly, so that no individual application is affected by traffic spikes.

Q: What is the BitTorrent™ protocol, and how do I use it with Amazon S3?

BitTorrent is an open source Internet distribution protocol. Amazon S3's bandwidth rates are inexpensive, but BitTorrent allows developers to further save on bandwidth costs for a popular piece of data by letting users download from Amazon and other users simultaneously. Any publicly available data in Amazon S3 can be downloaded via the BitTorrent protocol, in addition to the default client/server delivery mechanism. Simply add the ?torrent parameter at the end of your GET request in the REST API.

Q: Does Amazon S3 offer a Service Level Agreement (SLA)?

Yes. The Amazon S3 SLA provides for a service credit if a customer's monthly uptime percentage is below our service commitment in any billing cycle. More information can be found here.

Q: Does Amazon S3 comply with EU data privacy regulations?

Amazon S3 allows customers of Amazon S3 to store their data in the EU; however, it is up to the customers of Amazon S3 to ensure that they comply with EU privacy laws.

Q: I'm not in the US or Europe; can I use Amazon S3?

Anyone can use Amazon S3. You just have to decide whether to store your objects in the US or in Europe.

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このブログ記事を参照しているブログ一覧: Amazon S3を使いたい。

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I always enjoy learning how other people employ Amazon S3 online storage. I am wondering if you can check out my very own tool CloudBerry Explorer that helps to manage S3 on Windows . It is a freeware. http://cloudberrylab.com/

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このブログ記事について

このページは、Shinichi Nozawaが2009年5月 2日 20:28に書いたブログ記事です。

ひとつ前のブログ記事は「アップロードできるファイルサイズの上限」です。

次のブログ記事は「Amazon S3のキー概念」です。

最近のコンテンツはインデックスページで見られます。過去に書かれたものはアーカイブのページで見られます。